A Full Timeline of the NXIVM Cult’s Disturbing Actions and Collapse

ALBANY, NY – APRIL 26: The NXIVM Government Success Packages signal outdoors of the workplace at 455 New Karner Highway on April 26, 2018 in Albany, New York. Keith Raniere, founding father of NXIVM, was arrested by the FBI in Mexico in March of 2018. (Picture by Amy Luke/Getty Photographs)

HBO’s true-crime docuseries The Vow takes on the unsavory case of NXIVM, a multilevel advertising firm that, on the floor, promoted personal-development courses. Whereas claiming to supply self-help, NXIVM has develop into related to a disturbing intercourse cult and a pyramid scheme lately. On the middle of NXIVM’s chaos is its chief, Keith Raniere, a self-proclaimed genius who, with a cadre of high associates, preyed on ladies. Not way back, NXIVM members confronted a number of prices of intercourse trafficking and racketeering. To enhance your viewing of the HBO documentary, learn forward for a timeline that provides an in depth have a look at the occasions that mark NXIVM’s rise and fall.

  • 1993: The New York legal professional basic recordsdata a lawsuit in opposition to Raniere’s enterprise, Customers’ Buyline, accusing it of being a pyramid scheme. A multilevel advertising firm, Customers’ Buyline promoted commissions to present prospects for recruiting new ones. When served with the lawsuit, Raniere admitted to no wrongdoing and settled for $40,000. He then began one other MLM, Nationwide Well being Community, which ultimately collapsed in 1999.

  • 1998: Raniere and psychiatric nurse Nancy Salzman set up NXIVM (pronounced “nexium”), headquartering it in Upstate New York. They began the group as a self-improvement multilevel advertising firm that provided “Government Success Packages.” Roughly 16,000 folks enrolled in these personal-development courses and workshops to beat “psychological and emotional obstacles.” The group referred to Raniere because the “Vanguard” and Salzman because the “Prefect.”

ALBANY, NY - APRIL 26: The exterior of the NXIVM Executive Success Programs office at 455 New Karner Road on April 26, 2018 in Albany, New York. Keith Raniere, founder of NXIVM, was arrested by the FBI in Mexico in March of 2018. (Photo by Amy Luke/Getty Images)
ALBANY, NY – APRIL 26: The outside of the NXIVM Government Success Packages workplace at 455 New Karner Highway on April 26, 2018 in Albany, New York. Keith Raniere, founding father of NXIVM, was arrested by the FBI in Mexico in March of 2018. (Picture by Amy Luke/Getty Photographs)
  • October 2003: In a Forbes piece on NXIVM, Edgar Bronfman Sr. tells reporters that he believes that NXIVM is a cult. Bronfman’s daughters, Sara and Clare, had been within the group, and Clare funded it.

  • 2009: The “NXIVM 9” confront Raniere. The group cited issues in regards to the group’s unethical practices and Raniere’s abuse. It included Barbara Bouchey, Raniere’s former long-term girlfriend.

  • February 2012: Cult consultants say that NXIVM is a cult. In a Instances Union piece, some identified that the phrases and rituals in NXIVM had been very cult-like. One knowledgeable even likened Raniere to David Koresh, claiming the chief directed probably the most excessive cults he had ever studied.

  • October 2017: The New York Instances posts an exposé about NXIVM. The article revealed how ladies had been branded as a part of an initiation course of for DOS, an internal “sisterhood” of NXIVM. Former ladies within the cult spoke on the submission and obedience practices within the cult, consisting of “masters” who would recruit “slaves.” On the high of the pyramid was Raniere, who the FBI alleged coerced ladies into sleeping with him and took benefit of recruits without cost labor. Girls who didn’t pay penalties for breaking DOS guidelines had been punished by fasting or different bodily means. After the article was revealed, Raniere fled to Mexico because the Justice Division investigated the group.

  • March and April 2018: Raniere and Smallville actress Allison Mack are arrested on a number of prices, together with intercourse trafficking and racketeering. Raniere was discovered hiding inside a closet in his Mexican villa. Mack was thought of to be Raniere’s right-hand individual in recruitment for DOS.

NEW YORK, NY - JUNE 12: Actress Allison Mack exits the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York following a status conference, June 12, 2018 in the Brooklyn borough of New York City. Mack was charged in April with sex trafficking for her involvement with a self-help organization for women that forced members into sexual acts with their leader. The group, called Nxivm, was led by founder Keith Raniere, who was arrested in March on sex-trafficking charges. (Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)
NEW YORK, NY – JUNE 12: Actress Allison Mack exits the U.S. District Court docket for the Japanese District of New York following a standing convention, June 12, 2018 within the Brooklyn borough of New York Metropolis. Mack was charged in April with intercourse trafficking for her involvement with a self-help group for girls that pressured members into sexual acts with their chief. The group, known as Nxivm, was led by founder Keith Raniere, who was arrested in March on sex-trafficking prices. (Picture by Drew Angerer/Getty Photographs)
  • Might 2018: Mack claims that she began the branding ritual. In an interview with The New York Instances, Mack stated that she got here up with the thought for branding ladies within the DOS initiation course of, evaluating it to getting a tattoo. She touted DOS as a kind of ladies’s empowerment sect.

  • June 2018: NXIVM suspends its operations. The message on the corporate web site (now defunct) learn: “Whereas we’re disillusioned by the interruption of our operations, we imagine it’s warranted by the extraordinary circumstances going through the corporate at the moment. We proceed to imagine within the worth and significance of our work and stay up for resuming our efforts when these allegations are resolved.”

  • July 2018: Authorities arrest 4 of Raniere’s accomplices, who’re charged with racketeering conspiracy in connection to NXIVM. Among the many arrested had been heiress Clare Bronfman, cofounder Nancy Salzman, her daughter Lauren Salzman, and former NXIVM bookkeeper Kathy Russell. They had been accused of recruiting and grooming ladies to have intercourse with Raniere.

  • March 2019: Raniere faces little one pornography prices. Prosecutors stated that his first “slave” was a 15-year-old woman. Additionally they accused him of possessing little one pornography between 2005 and 2018. The identical month, Nancy Salzman and her daughter pleaded responsible to their prices.

  • April 2019: Mack pleads responsible to racketeering and racketeering conspiracy. The identical month, Clare Bronfman pleaded responsible to harboring an undocumented immigrant for NXIVM and to enabling bank card fraud. Russell, too, pleaded responsible to falsifying a visa software for an individual related to NXIVM.

  • June 2019: Raniere is discovered responsible of intercourse trafficking and compelled labor. After a virtually six-week trial, Raniere was convicted of intercourse trafficking, intercourse trafficking conspiracy, racketeering, and conspiracy to commit pressured labor. He’s to be sentenced in October 2020.

  • January 2020: NXIVM faces a lawsuit. Plaintiffs (some 80 people) alleged that they’d been lured in by false scientific claims earlier than paying hundreds of {dollars} for courses, changing into victims of a pyramid scheme. Additionally they cited the emotional and verbal abuse that made them keep in NXIVM. Whereas the corporate promised members may have careers inside it, only a few high members made cash. The remaining had been pressured into recruiting college students whereas spending their financial savings on personal-development courses.

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