Africa Enterprise in Temporary | Problem 395 | 11 APR 2021

Africa bets on digital COVID-19 passports to spice up air journey

Air travellers throughout Africa can now get pleasure from sooner clearances at airports, because of a typical continental Coronavirus (COVID-19) digital passport innovation developed by the African Union (AU) via its lead well being company, the Africa Centres for Illness Management and Prevention (Africa CDC), and personal sector technical companions PanaBIOS and Econet. Delays and lengthy queues at airports are regularly turning into a factor of the previous for passengers boarding Kenya Airways, Ethiopian Airways and Asky Airways. Passengers within the continent are actually discovering it extra handy travelling inside and out of doors their international locations, because the AU’s innovation dubbed ‘Trusted Journey Cross’ allows them to securely and simply confirm compliance with COVID-19 take a look at or vaccine journey necessities of their vacation spot of selection. The platform has been designed to be integrated into the airways’ personal purposes so air travellers can simply perceive what they want earlier than they fly.

Supply: The EastAfrican


African fisheries want reforms to spice up resilience after COVID-19 – research

The African fisheries sector may benefit considerably from correct infrastructure and assist providers, that are usually missing. The sector presently grapples with fragile worth chains and advertising and marketing, weak administration establishments and severe points regarding the governance of fisheries assets. These had been the findings of a research that the African Pure Assets Centre carried out from March to Might 2020. The centre is a non-lending division of the African Growth Financial institution (AfDB). The research focuses on the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic in 4 international locations – Morocco, Mauritania, Senegal and Seychelles. The research discusses acceptable and well timed measures that the 4 international locations have taken to keep away from extreme provide disruptions, save 1000’s of jobs and preserve governance transparency amid the continuing world uncertainty and disaster. Infrastructure shortcomings embrace touchdown amenities, storage and processing capability, social and sanitary tools, water and energy, ice manufacturing, and roads to entry markets. Primarily based on the findings, researchers made suggestions to strengthen the resilience of Africa’s fisheries sector within the context of a protracted disaster, and looking forward to a post-COVID-19 restoration.

Supply: AfDB


Amid recession, sub-Saharan Africa poised for restoration

Financial progress in sub-Saharan Africa is estimated to have contracted by 2.0% in 2020, nearer to the decrease sure of the forecast in April 2020, and prospects for restoration are strengthening amid actions to include new waves of the pandemic and velocity up vaccine rollouts, in response to the World Financial institution’s biannual financial evaluation for the area. The most recent ‘Africa’s Pulse, The Way forward for Work in Africa: Rising Traits in Digital Expertise Adoption’, notes that financial restoration hinges on international locations deepening reforms that create jobs, encourage funding, and improve competitiveness. Progress within the area is forecast to rise between 2.3% and three.4% in 2021, relying on the insurance policies adopted by international locations and the worldwide neighborhood. Actual gross home product (GDP) progress for 2022 is estimated at 3.1%. For many international locations within the area, exercise will stay properly beneath the pre-COVID-19 projections on the finish of 2021, rising the chance of long-lasting harm from the pandemic on folks’s dwelling requirements. Sub-Saharan Africa’s restoration is predicted to differ throughout international locations.

Supply: World Financial institution


ECA working with African international locations to extend funding in infrastructure, vitality and agriculture

The United Nations Financial Fee for Africa (ECA) is working with African international locations to extend funding in infrastructure and agriculture on the continent. In a presentation through the ECA’s first quarter Accountability and Programme Efficiency Evaluate Assembly (APPRM), Habiba Ben Barka, Financial Affairs officer with the Personal Sector Growth and Finance Division, mentioned the ECA was working to strengthen the personal sector enterprise atmosphere in vitality and infrastructure growth, and rising the usage of public-private partnerships (PPPs) as one of many means to scale-up funding in infrastructure, particularly within the context of COVID-19. To attain this particular consequence, the ECA has recognized three key strategic actions that are; supporting plenty of member-states to implement infrastructure planning instruments, specializing in vitality and transport, and apply methodologies developed by the ECA for elevated personal sector participation in street security; bringing extra international locations to undertake insurance policies that can entice extra personal sector funding via the usage of PPP frameworks and different means for scaling-up infrastructure funding; and fostering extra engagements between actors within the aviation trade and monetary establishments inside the context of COVID-19 financial restoration on the continent.

Supply: ECA

Southern Africa

HS 2022 amendments to SACU Widespread Exterior Tariff printed for session

In an effort to strengthen the inclusive and clear character of the method of implementation of the Harmonized System (HS), the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) has lately made out there the HS 2022 amendments to its Widespread Exterior Tariff for public session. All SACU member states – Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia and South Africa – have concurrently positioned draft tariff amendments on their official web sites, inviting feedback and suggestions from the general public. Public session on draft tariff amendments is a part of the SACU technique to enhance the method of migration of its Widespread Exterior Tariff to new variations of the HS. The technique intends to make sure that the method is dealt with in a significant and clear vogue, making a degree enjoying area for all stakeholders wishing to contribute to this work. The publication of draft tariff amendments is without doubt one of the preliminary phases within the technique of implementation of the HS 2022 amendments. Feedback and suggestions obtained from the general public can be mentioned at a regional workshop to be held later within the yr, which can be adopted by additional consultations earlier than the amended tariff is finalised.

Supply: World Customs Group


New discoveries in Angola’s Prolific Basins gas curiosity in ongoing bid spherical

ENI introduced on Tuesday, 6 April, that it had made a brand new discovery in Angola. The Italian Main’s newest oil discovery in its Block 15/06 concession offshore Angola underlines why Angola’s Prolific Basins and conducive regulatory framework proceed to show engaging regardless of stiff competitors from new frontiers like Guyana and Suriname. It is usually because of this that the present bid spherical for 3 onshore blocks within the Decrease Congo Basin, and 6 onshore blocks within the Kwanza Basin, run by the Nationwide Company of Petroleum, Fuel and Biofuels (ANPG) is attracting a whole lot of curiosity from the trade. In response to an analysis of its oil and gasoline prospects final November, Angola is estimated to carry as much as 57 billion barrels of oil and 27 trillion cubic toes of gasoline – a considerable improve from earlier estimates of 8.2 billion barrels and 13.5 trillion cubic toes – which might afford the nation the biggest oil reserves on the continent. To drive continued funding into frontier exploration, ANPG lately launched the timeline for the analysis of its 2020 oil and gasoline licensing spherical. The continuing bid spherical is a part of a revised Hydrocarbon Exploration Technique 2020-2025.

Supply: Africa Oil & Energy


Botswana’s economic system contracts 7.9% in 2020 with actions severely constrained by COVID-19 pandemic

Preliminary estimates from Statistics Botswana point out that the nation’s actual GDP fell by 7.9% year-on-year (y/y) in 2020, ending a streak of 4 consecutive years of growth. Though the outlook for home diamond manufacturing and world diamond demand is considerably bettering, the tourism sector’s continued halt and uncertainty linked to the COVID-19 pandemic developments render 2021 a difficult yr for the economic system. Actual output continued to get well within the fourth quarter of 2020, contracting by 4.1% y/y, in contrast with a decline of 6.0% y/y recorded within the third quarter. In 2020, the contraction in financial exercise was most pronounced within the mining sector, which shrunk by 26.2% y/y. Development exercise fell by 11.0% y/y, nonetheless, the trade is exhibiting indicators of restoration from the results of the pandemic as constructing constructions resume. On the expenditure entrance, complete closing consumption expenditure decelerated markedly however stayed in optimistic territory, rising by 1.4% y/y in 2020. Actual exports of products and providers decreased by 21.4% y/y, led by a 16.8% y/y contraction in merchandise exports. Actual imports of products and providers rose by 4.3% y/y as merchandise imports grew by 8.8% y/y in 2020.

Supply: IHS Markit

Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea’s economic system shrinks by 5.0% in This fall 2020 – authorities anticipate 2.8% progress throughout 2021

In response to the newest knowledge launch from the nation’s nationwide statistics workplace, Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Guinea Ecuatorial (INEGE), actual GDP declined 2.8% quarter-on-quarter (q/q) within the fourth quarter of 2020. The autumn in financial exercise is defined by a contraction of oil GDP of three.2% q/q and of non-oil GDP of two.2% q/q. On a yearly foundation, the drop in GDP of 5.0% year-on-year (y/y) within the fourth quarter was pushed by declines in oil GDP of 5.9% y/y and in non-oil GDP of three.9% y/y. The autumn in oil GDP mirrored a contraction in hydrocarbon manufacturing of 15.1% y/y on the again of COVID-19-related restrictions and weak output from maturing oil fields. The contraction in non-oil GDP was largely because of a fall in public spending. INEGE forecasts Equatorial Guinea’s GDP will development between a decline of three.2% y/y and progress of 0.7% y/y within the first quarter of 2021. Oil GDP is predicted to evolve between a contraction of three.1% y/y and progress of 1.6% y/y, whereas non-oil GDP will vary between a contraction of three.3% y/y and 0.3% y/y. In response to INEGE projections, Equatorial Guinea’s GDP is predicted to be 2.8% in 2021.

Supply: IHS Markit


Nation dedicated to diversify vitality sources to achieve growth plan – ministry

Ethiopia stays steadfast in its course to diversify the vitality combine and utilise all vitality sources to achieve financial growth targets, in response to the Ministry of Finance. The nation plans to extend complete vitality era till 2030 by diversifying the plentiful sources of vitality. Regardless of the completely different exploitable vitality sources, Ethiopia has been solely engaged on hydropower era, which couldn’t meet the rising growth calls for, the assertion indicated. After the reform, the federal government is encouraging the engagement of the personal sector within the vitality sector, particularly within the type of public-private partnership (PPP) tasks, it said. Presently, there are 23 massive PPP tasks which have websites recognized, feasibility research completed and prepared for procurement processing, it mentioned. These embrace eight photo voltaic photovoltaic, 5 hydroelectric, 5 wind, three roads, one housing, and one petroleum depot which have been authorized by the PPP Board. In response to the ministry, Ethiopia has enormous photo voltaic vitality potential because of its geographical location close to the equator. The eight PPP photo voltaic vitality tasks are anticipated to generate 798 MW of electrical energy.

Supply: ENA


GIPC strikes to curb know-how switch contract breaches

The Ghana Funding Promotion Centre (GIPC) is looking for to manage hefty sanctions to companies that fail to register their know-how agreements. The sanctions, in response to the GIPC, can be robust and strongly enforced and will see the funding company liaising with the Financial institution of Ghana to droop remittances by firms that do not need related Expertise Switch Settlement (TTA) registration and certification. The pinnacle of the Authorized Division and Board Secretary of the GIPC, Naa Lamle Orleans-Lindsey, who was talking on the 1st CEO’s Breakfast Assembly this yr, mentioned other than fines, there are different choices open to the centre, such because the suspension of registration and the ordering of compensation of any incentives which were prolonged to firms. The assembly was geared in direction of sensitisation of the investor and enterprise communities on the GIPC’s TTA registration. Key companions, together with the Ghana Income Authority, the Financial institution of Ghana, and the Ministry of Finance and Financial Planning, mentioned points regarding TTA purposes. The assembly additionally highlighted the advantages of TTAs to each overseas and native companies.

Supply: GhanaWeb


GPHA to introduce extra e-payment platform

Ms Esther Gyebi-Donkor, basic supervisor, Advertising and Company Affairs on the Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority (GPHA), mentioned the authority had created an e-payment platform to permit shoppers to make transactions via cellular cash, Visa and Mastercard. Gyebi-Donkor famous that the transfer was a part of efforts to extend automation on the ports and make doing enterprise sooner, simple, safe and handy. She mentioned the platform was piloted on some port shoppers and is predicted to be rolled out quickly. The cellular utility would additionally afford shoppers the chance to simply validate invoices and calculate port fees. She mentioned the port automation, together with the Paperless Port clearance course of and the Built-in Customs Administration System (ICUMS), had streamlined the actions of statutory companies working within the clearance chain and impacted positively on the price of doing enterprise on the ports.

Supply: Information Ghana


Tax exemptions deny nation of billions of cedis

The Worldwide Financial Fund (IMF) has expressed concern in regards to the steady granting of beneficiant tax exemptions to firms and buyers at a time when the economic system wants elevated revenues to navigate its method out of a debt lure. The fund mentioned tax exemptions remained the weakest hyperlink to all efforts to enhance tax assortment, essential to slender the fiscal deficit and tame a debt burden that now requires nearly half of complete income and grants to service. The IMF’s resident consultant to Ghana, Dr Albert Touna Mama, in response to Graphic Enterprise’s questions, mentioned that exemptions had been depriving the state of billions of cedis yearly, with conservative estimates exhibiting that between 3% and 5% of GDP was misplaced yearly to the present tax vacation regime. This interprets to a lack of between GHS11.5-billion and GHS19.2-billion in taxes for 2020, utilizing the yr’s GDP estimate of GHS383.3-billion. For 2021, when GDP is projected to rise to GHS433.8-billion, the IMF estimates that between GHS13-billion and GHS21.7-billion can be misplaced to tax exemptions. A Tax Exemptions Invoice that was programmed to overtake the system, ranging from 2019, has since didn’t transcend the laying stage in Parliament.

Supply: Graphic On-line


IMF pushes for gas tax rise in KES255-billion mortgage deal

The Treasury is underneath strain from the Worldwide Financial Fund (IMF) to double the worth added tax (VAT) on all petroleum merchandise in an effort to chop the funds deficit and tame public borrowing. The multilateral financier reckons that Kenya ought to impose a 16% VAT on fuels from the present 8% when crude oil costs fall. Petrol is presently retailing at a degree final seen in November 2011 whereas diesel is promoting on the highest degree since December 2018. The IMF’s push for the gas tax was revealed in an advisory to the federal government after the fund’s board authorized a brand new mortgage for Kenya valued at USD2.34-billion to assist the nation proceed responding to the COVID-19 pandemic and handle its debt vulnerabilities. The introduction of the usual 16% VAT on fuels, which has been pushed again a number of instances beforehand, is a part of the newest makes an attempt to boost state revenues.

Supply: Enterprise Day by day


Kenya Airways shares suspension prolonged for 9 months

The Capital Markets Authority (CMA) has prolonged a share buying and selling freeze on the nationwide service, Kenya Airways (KQ), for an additional 9 months because the airline prepares for the state takeover bid. KQ shares had been initially suspended from buying and selling on the Nairobi Securities Trade (NSE) in July final yr after Members of Parliament started to overview the regulation that can pave the way in which for the federal government to take again full management of the airline. “Discover is hereby given on the extension of suspension from buying and selling of Kenya Airways Plc shares. The corporate is but to finalise its operational and company restructure for the eventual Authorities buy-out, following the publication of the Nationwide Administration Aviation Invoice, 2020, on 18th June 2020,” the NSE mentioned in an announcement. “The extension of suspension from buying and selling the corporate’s shares will stay in power for an extra 9 (9) months, with impact from April fifth, 2021.”

Supply: Enterprise Day by day


Nationwide AfCFTA Implementation Technique to spice up Kenyan commerce and funding

Kenya’s Ministry of Industrialization, Commerce and Enterprise Growth, in collaboration with the United Nations Financial Fee for Africa (ECA), reviewed and finalised the nation’s African Continental Free Commerce Space (AfCFTA) Nationwide Implementation Technique, a blueprint to allow the nation to faucet into the alternatives supplied by the settlement. The finalisation of the technique adopted a one-week technical overview assembly that introduced collectively commerce strategists and economists from the federal government, growth companions, academia and non-state actors. Kenya is eager to broaden its provide capability and improve its export of products and providers throughout Africa, and globally in keeping with its financial transformation coverage to broaden export capability, improve jobs and wealth creation alternatives for residents and promote shared prosperity. The Kenya AfCFTA technique recognized key services in addition to markets that Kenya will prioritise because it seeks to spice up its exports to the remainder of the continent.

Supply: ECA


Authorities borrowing pushes up financial institution lending charges

Elevated authorities borrowing on the home market has triggered an increase in industrial banks’ reference price for April, the Bankers Affiliation of Malawi (BAM) has mentioned. BAM chief government officer Lyness Nkungula mentioned this on Tuesday, 6 April within the context of printed statements from industrial banks exhibiting that they’ve raised the reference price from 11.9% in March to 12.1% in April. She mentioned banks skilled a larger demand for loans from the federal government prior to now month relative to its provide of deposits, triggering an increase in reference price. “The federal government has borrowed from the home market through the previous months; therefore, the slight response in upward improve for the reference price as each the Treasury payments and interbank borrowing charges additionally reacted to the identical,” mentioned Nkungula. Treasury’s extreme borrowing from the home market has been a difficulty of concern from the assorted stakeholders with some projecting the borrowing may crowd out personal debtors and set off an rate of interest rise.

Supply: The Nation


Mauritian economic system contracts 14.7% in 2020 owing to influence of COVID-19 pandemic

Mauritius’ seasonally adjusted knowledge present that gross worth added contracted by 10.8% year-on-year (y/y) within the fourth quarter of 2020, which interprets right into a decline of 14.7% y/y for the yr 2020. The containment measures put in place by the federal government to mitigate the unfold of COVID-19 domestically largely resulted in contractions throughout all the important thing sectors of the Mauritian economic system. Manufacturing declined by 17.8% y/y as all main manufacturing sub-industries recorded sharp declines, with sugar manufacturing falling by 17.2% y/y, meals manufacturing (excluding sugar) by 11.9% y/y, and textile manufacturing by 30.9% y/y. With the tourism sector in continued free fall and vacationer arrivals nearly non-existent, lodging and meals service actions collapsed by 65.8% y/y. The humanities, leisure, and recreation trade additionally contracted by 31.0% y/y, whereas different service actions declined by 27.6% y/y. Development actions fell by 25.2% y/y. Wholesale and retail commerce and restore of motor automobiles and bikes additionally took successful, declining by 12.0% y/y. Agriculture, forestry, and fishing was down by 2.6% y/y, weighed down by a decline of 18.1% y/y in sugarcane-related exercise.

Supply: IHS Markit


Days numbered for tax dodgers

The dialogue of a semi-autonomous tax physique, which commenced greater than 10 years in the past, culminated within the official opening of the Namibia Income Company (NamRA) by President Hage Geingob on Wednesday, 7 April 2021. The institution and operationalisation of NamRA are anticipated to considerably enhance transparency in Namibia’s tax assortment efforts to extend state income from the NAD52-billion anticipated through the present monetary yr, which is already NAD6-billion lower than the NAD58-billion collected through the 2020/21 monetary yr. The institution of NamRA stems from a aware choice by Cupboard to remodel current in-house departments of Inland Income and Customs and Excise inside the Ministry of Finance into the semi-autonomous tax administration physique. NamRA was established towards Namibia’s document of an already excessive revenue-to-GDP assortment price by the federal government, averaging 32% of GDP when the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) receipts are included, or some 22% excluding SACU receipts.

Supply: New Period


Namibia able to commerce underneath AfCFTA banner

Namibia is able to improve commerce with different African international locations underneath the African Continental Free Commerce Space (AfCFTA) settlement following its submission of the tariff concession final month. This was mentioned by Ndiita Nghipondoka-Robiati, the deputy government director for Worldwide Commerce within the Industrialization and Commerce Ministry at a enterprise neighborhood occasion organised by the Africa Financial Management Council (AELC) in Swakopmund. Namibia, and different Southern African Customs Union (SACU) members submitted tariff concessions as a part of the 90% commerce liberalisation on the continent. Nghipondoka-Robiati mentioned Namibia is making good progress in negotiations with different signatories, after submitting its checklist of merchandise. She added that the federal government has ensured that the personal sector has entry to a much bigger market via negotiations and it’ll now be as much as them to take the alternatives. Nghipondoka-Robiati additional mentioned Namibia has accomplished 88% (at SACU degree), of the 90% of liberalisation of commerce to take away responsibility on merchandise as per the settlement by the heads of states. What remains to be excellent is to finalise the affords, guidelines of origin of merchandise and affords on buying and selling providers, she mentioned.

Supply: The Namibian


Wabote says NCDMB is not going to spend money on aggressive personal companies

The Nigerian Content material Growth and Monitoring Board (NCDMB) would solely associate on strategic insurance policies and tasks which can be promoted by the Federal Authorities and wouldn’t spend money on personal sector oil and gasoline companies which can be aggressive, its government secretary, Simbi Wabote, has mentioned. Wabote revealed this when he hosted members of the Ladies in Vitality Oil and Fuel (WEOG) Nigeria, led by the president, Dr Oladunni Owo, on the board’s liaison workplace in Abuja. He clarified that the board wouldn’t spend money on aggressive companies as a result of such investments would compromise its place as a regulatory company. “Our position is to behave as a catalyst of strategic authorities insurance policies and programmes. We exit as soon as these companies turn into profitable,” he famous. He additionally said that NCDMB is a regulatory company and never an interventionist organisation and wouldn’t become involved in programmes outdoors its mandate.

Supply: The Guardian


TCRA scouts for appropriate smartphone buyers

Tanzania is searching for an acceptable investor to ascertain and function a smartphone meeting manufacturing facility underneath a public-private partnership (PPP) association. The PPP, underneath the Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority (TCRA), is predicted to be revealed early subsequent month. The TCRA re-advertised the tender discover after it didn’t get the required aggressive bidders for the smartphone meeting plant. TCRA director of Licensing and Monitoring, John Daffa, advised Day by day Information that they re-advertised the tender to get extra aggressive bidders. “The manufacturing facility can be inbuilt Mwanza area, and preliminary preparations for the development have been accomplished,” Mr Daffa mentioned. Initially, the regulator wished the manufacturing facility to start out working early this yr, however the quantity and high quality of bidders backpedalled the efforts. The PPP, in response to the discover, intends to have certified, respected and succesful firms to work underneath a design, construct and finance switch association.

Supply: Day by day Information


TPDC attracts methods on LNG mission tempo

The Tanzania Petroleum Growth Company (TPDC) held a gathering to brainstorm and suggest the perfect methods of implementing President Samia Suluhu Hassan’s directives over the execution of the liquefied pure gasoline (LNG) mission. Talking on the swearing-in ceremony of the newly appointed everlasting secretaries, their deputies and heads of public establishments on the Dar es Salaam State Home, President Hassan directed the Ministry of Vitality to swiftly finalise the continuing negotiations in order that execution of the multi-billion greenback mission may begin. She wished the ministry to judge why the mission was not transferring on the anticipated tempo and establish these obstructing its progress. The TPDC’s managing director, James Mataragio, advised The Citizen that he determined to name the emergency assembly together with his workers to provide you with the perfect methods of implementing the order.

Supply: The Citizen


Financing pressures to push debt as much as 48.8% by June

The African Growth Financial institution (AfDB) has mentioned a rise in financing wants will drive Uganda’s public debt to 48.8% by June 2021. The debt, the AfDB mentioned in its nation African Financial Outlook, is predicted to surge additional to above 50% by June 2023. The AfDB is considered one of Uganda’s largest multilateral lenders, coming solely beneath the World Financial institution. Presently, it has a dedication of about USD1.8-billion to each authorities and the personal sector. A lot of that is held within the transport sector, which accounts for no less than 63% of the financial institution’s portfolio. Agriculture accounts for 15% whereas water and sanitation accounts for 12%. Vitality accounts for 7% whereas the social sector, and data and communications know-how (ICT) account for two% and 1%, respectively. In its outlook, the AfDB additionally famous that the rising price of curiosity funds, pushed by progress in non-concessional borrowing was a problem to the economic system, advising that authorities should revert to concessional financing to avert the potential of pushing debt to unsustainable ranges. Whereas responding to the AfDB’s considerations, Ms Maris Wanyera, performing director within the Ministry of Finance’s Directorate of Debt and Money Administration, mentioned going ahead, authorities would be certain that all loans are purely concessional.

Supply: Day by day Monitor


Mining companies in Zambia name for beneficial funding local weather to spice up manufacturing

Mining companies in Zambia mentioned the time was ripe for Zambia to create a beneficial funding local weather for the sector to speed up manufacturing in view of elevated world demand for copper. The Zambia Chamber of Mines, an affiliation of overseas mining companies working in Zambia, mentioned alternatives for mining companies to broaden their funding in mining international locations had been ripe, therefore the necessity for the international locations to offer conducive environments for funding. “Within the wake of a rising demand for the steel, buyers are seeing alternatives to take a position if the host international locations allow it. [This] comes within the type of enabling insurance policies and authorized regimes,” Godwin Beene, the affiliation’s president advised reporters throughout a press briefing. The swap to electrical automobiles additional presents progress alternatives for copper mining in the long term, mentioned Beene, noting that the affiliation will proceed partaking the federal government to make sure a beneficial mining sector regime. The sector, he mentioned, wished the federal government to take away the non-deductibility of the mineral royalty tax, which he believed was a punitive tax deterring future funding and would change the mineral royalty sliding scale.

Supply: Xinhua


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